"I can't change the laws of physics!," the character of Scotty famously told Captain Kirk in an episode of Star Trek: The Original Series.
Of course, Star Trek being Star Trek, the crew of a 23rd century starship was able to find a workaround to those laws. But reality is very different in 21st century hospitals and nursing homes.
In this post, we will explain what cutting-edge research is revealing about how unsafe the demands of their jobs are for nurses and others who lift patients regularly.
Traditional training: using body mechanics
For decades, nurses' training programs and hospitals have contended that lifting and moving patients safely is all about using proper body mechanics. Patient handlers are taught to keep their backs straight, bending as needed at the knees and hips.
The idea was that by using these mechanics, patient handlers could protect themselves from back injuries.
Innovative research at The Ohio State University (OSU) is proving this old idea to be false. OSU's Spine Research Institute has shown that no matter how good someone's "body mechanics" are in manual lifting, pressure on the spine from lifting patients leads to back injuries.
There is simply no way to manually lift patients without negatively impacting the lifter's back. This is true even in there is a team of people lifting.
Why couldn't a team of say four people lift a patient safely with harming the lifters' backs? The answer, again, comes down to the laws of physics.
When you lift along with others, it does reduce compression on your back, but not to safe levels. And lifting with others creates another problem - known as "sheer" - which is force pressing upon the spine from sideways angles.
Repetitive damage over time
Sometimes patient handlers can point to one specific incident that resulted in a severe back injury. For example, you may have been asked to move an especially obese patient - and then suddenly felt severe pain in your back.
NPR reported on one such incident, in which a nurse heard something pop in her back and before long find herself unable to walk. She ended up having back surgery and living the nursing profession.
A more common scenario, however, is that an injury is not the result of one specific incident. Instead, microscopic tears in the disks in your back build up over time from lifting patients. The resulting scar tissue blocks nutrients from flowing to the disks, weakening them.
When this scar tissue builds up, leaves you vulnerable to injury. And so the specific incident that made you aware of the injury may have been the proverbial straw that broke the camel's back.
Needed: proper equipment and effective representation
The bottom line is that without appropriate use of lifting equipment, nurses and other patient handlers are at risk of injuries. It doesn't matter how good your lifting technique is. Given the laws of physics, you are still at risk.
Hospitals and nursing homes have been slow to install equipment such as ceiling lifts that would help with lifting and moving patients. To be sure, there are money and space constraints that affect the installation of such equipment. But the research is increasingly shows that doing so is needed to protect workers who lift patients from back injuries.
If you suffered a back injury from lifting patients, don't delay in getting legal counsel. Your attorney can't change the laws of physics, but can guide you through the process of pursuing the workers' compensation benefits you deserve.